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In recent years, some of the challenges hindering effective maritime governance in Nigeria include lack of common understanding and limited synergy among Maritime Law Enforcement Agencies (MLEAs). In particular, handling of issues related to arrest, detention and prosecution of vessels have been attended with unsavoury consequences detrimental to the corporate image of MLEAs, and loss of revenue to the nation. These realities, among others, necessitated the articulation of the Harmonised Standard Operation Procedures (HSOP).